Putting Up a New Fish Tank Aquarium

A fish tank aquarium can be a relaxing and welcome addition to any home.  Below are a couple of considerations to take into account when setting up your first salt water aquarium.

Don't be misled by the idea that a smaller tank is better for novices.  The water requirements and temperature are a lot more stable in a larger tank.  Any changes that would affect the fish will take place more gradually.  Unusual variations in living conditions are stressful for the fish.  A 25-30 gallon tank will probably be a good selection for your first tank.


Every few weeks you will need to clean the tank of algae and also do water changes and water testing.  The water temperature, PH, and salt content must all be monitored carefully.  It's important to have your fish tank aquarium setup correctly before adding the fish as salt-water fish are expensive and nobody wants a tank filled with dying fish.

One question you may naturally ask yourself would be "How many fish will my tank hold? ".  A fairly good rule of thumb is 1 inch of fish for each 12 square inches of water surface area.  It's not a good idea to push maximum to the limit with a tank.  A more established tank could support more fish.

Lighting will be an issue for you to consider.  A complete spectrum florescent bulb that provides a light spectrum similar to sun will be best for brightly colored fish and healthy plants.  Light containing more purple wavelengths will bring out the colour of tropical fish and mild tending toward blue will produce more algae.  Lights containing red or orange will facilitate the growth of aquatic plants.

A filter will be a must on your new fish tank aquarium to maintain healthy fish.  There are 3 kinds of filtering available on your tank.  They are mechanical, chemical, and biological.

Mechanical filtration gets rid of fish waste and solid particles that may be in the water.  A typical mechanical filter would wok by pushing the water through a sponge, and this would capture particles.

An activated carbon filter may offer chemical filtration and remove toxins in the water.  It will also remove phosphates and ammonia in the water.  Any filter should offer this feature.

Biological filters filter out toxins and decayed material through the action of friendly bacteria that are allowed to grow from the tank.  This biological filtration resembles the requirements found in nature and is essential to a healthy tank.

There are many kinds of filters to choose from but incorporating the 3 different types of filtration mentioned above will insure the quality of water from your tank.

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