The Way to Set up a Miniature Reef Tank, A Brief Informative Note

Setting up your own nano reef can be very straightforward and is almost the same as a traditionally sized reef.  This article will examine the basics of setting up a nano reef, as well as the gear that is necessary.  This article serves as a guide only, and not a complete in depth step by step method.

To start, you will need to pick out the aquarium you would like to use.   Next, you will need to choose the lighting system you want to use.   These power compact lamps can supply your nano reef with loads of lighting for many forms of corals such as Xenia's and button polyps.  For your heaterwe highly advise using a 50w or 75w Ebo Jager brand heater, as most of these have always had success in such small aquariums.  Lastly, you will require a small Powerhead pump for circulation and an adequate filter.  I have discovered Aquarium System's Mini-Jet pumps to be quiet and reliable, but all other similarly sized pumps will do the job just fine.

Good quality live rock and live sand is the trick to a successful system.  You will want to use at least one pound of live rock per gallon, and about one-half lbs of live sand per gallon.
When you try to find a location to place your nano reef, you will want to keep a couple of things in mind.  The tank ought to be placed on a flat and sturdy surface that can support approximately 70-250 pounds depending on how big the tank.  For the beginner, it's recommended to place the tank in a high traffic area, so that it will be under constant supervision, especially in the start while the tank remains stabilizing.

When the time arrives to fill the tank with water, you will need good de-chlorinated water; it's recommended to use reverse osmosis water, you can find R.O. water from most local pet fish stores.  You'll also need to have good quality artificial reef salt and a specific gravity meter (hydrometers are far more commonly used).

 Proceed to fill out the tank with water and add salt, after the manufacturers directions for adding the salt.  Keep adding salt until the specific gravity is 1.023.  Place the Powerhead in immediately so it is going to help blend the salt.  Now's also the time to place in your heater and get the water temperature to 78 degrees.

Once your specific gravity has reached it's appropriate level and the water has begun to stabilize, (this time will vary depending upon your particular setup ), you can add the live rock and live sand.  Place the live rock in first, using an open pattern therefore that the fish have room to float through and hide in the rock.

Be as creative as you want during this process and don't be afraid to go back and change it later.  Once the rock is where you enjoy it, you can pour the live sand around the rocks, keeping it at a fairly even thickness across the tank.  Adding the live sand in will cloud the water, but don't stress it will eventually settle and the water will clear.  After continue to look at your water for stabilization.

When your aquarium has completely completed cycling and your sure all water parameters look stable, you will be ready to add a fish and a coral.  But don't hurry this process, take your own time to be rewarded in the saltwater hobby.

A last reminder because we can't write a book on here, would be to make certain that you do your homework and research the species of fish and coral your believing of keeping; (try to offer them foods they would get naturally out of the ocean).  This way you'll know how to care for themwhen you get the little men to their new home.  To learn more about maintaining your reef aquarium trip.

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